Supermassive black holes can be found anywhere and everywhere in the space. Their size can go beyond our imagination. The recent study conducted for black holes reveals that it can exceed the size of the sun as well and might be the only massive body in space.
Black holes can be characterized into three categories: Stellar-mass black holes (30 times greater than the size of the sun), intermediate black holes (100 to 10,000 times greater than the Earth’s mass) and the supermassive black holes (million times huge than the mass of the sun).
To get a clear understanding of supermassive black holes, researchers from the University of Montreal and the Institute of Space Sciences studied 72 galaxies in the space. They found that at the center of every galaxy their lies a dark area called as a black hole and its size varies between each galaxy.
They examined the mass of each galaxy by calculating the frequency of X-rays and radio waves emitted. These frequencies were captured by Chandra, an X-ray space telescope. Research findings of the study were beyond belief. Most of the galaxies were found to be massive and larger in size than the Sun. All of them were put under the category of supermassive black holes.
The surprising news is on its way. The growing rate of these black holes is considerably faster than stars. The research findings are published in the Journal of Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Guang Yang, lead scientist of Penn state says, “We are trying hard to imagine and design how this process might have started billions of years ago. We have gathered information from different telescopes to figure out how this process emerged and got outspread.”
Next to supermassive category comes ultra-massive black holes. A black hole having a size between 10 to 40 billion mass greater than the sun is considered to be ultra-massive in nature, the research says.